Why Every Homeowner Should Ask Their HVAC Tech This One Question

Recently, I sat in on a meeting with Roger, who serves as the Chairman (and formerly President) of a large Oakville-based heating and cooling company ( The conversation turned at one point to what we call SAQs – also known as should-ask questions.

Unlike FAQs, an SAQ is a question most clients and customers would benefit from asking, but don’t. Every industry has its SAQs, and they can make for excellent informative blog and social media content.

As Roger tells it, one of the big points homeowners should be asking him about (but don’t) is this: what kind of training do your technicians receive? 

Or, when speaking to one of his technicians, when was the last time you sat in a classroom?

HVAC techs in Ontario are licensed. However, as Roger points out, you only need to get licensed once – there’s no follow-up exam for renewal and no continuing education requirements.

Problem is, heating and cooling technology changes fast.

In the last ten years alone, we’ve seen:

  • Evolution of programmable thermostats to touchscreen smart thermostats;
  • Widespread proliferation of Bluetooth- and Wi-Fi-enabled smart home technology that can be controlled with a smartphone;
  • Integration of heating and cooling equipment with other smart home technology;
  • Greater adoption of tankless/demand water heaters in detached homes;
  • Energy-efficient furnaces with variable-speed Electronically Commuted Motors (ECM);
  • Push for high-efficiency heat pumps through rebates in Ontario; and
  • Ongoing changes to ENERGY-STAR standards as heating and cooling technology continues to become more efficient.

Without any ongoing education or training, would a technician who got licensed in 2008 know how to install, troubleshoot or repair a smart thermostat?

Would a technician who has only worked on residential properties know how to tune-up a tankless water heater?

That’s why homeowners should be asking their HVAC technician (and the company that employs them) about continuing education.

It’s also why Roger requires his technicians to participate in training sessions, whether they’ve been licensed for ten days, ten months or ten years.

Being a heating, ventilation and air conditioning tech isn’t only about helping people maximize comfort and efficiency – it’s also about ensuring homes are safe. It pays to ensure the person you’re relying on to fix a problem or conduct preventative maintenance engages enhances and refreshes their knowledge on a regular basis.


6 Magnetron Sputtering Techniques

Magnetron sputtering is a physical vapor deposition (PVD) technology that uses magnetrons to confine electrons to a specific deposition path. This article provides a brief overview of sputtering techniques using magnetron systems and magnetron sputtering information.

1. DC Power Sputtering

Sputtering using DC power is effective for depositing conductive target metals, conductive oxides, or certain magnetic materials. It is not suitable for non-conductive materials.

2. Reactive Gas Sputtering

Also known as reactive DC sputter deposition, this technique enables higher deposition rates and precise stoichiometry for metallic targets. The target is sputtered in an environment of partial pressure of reactive gas. As the pressure increases, the target’s surface transitions from a metallic to thin oxide or nitride layer, and charge accumulates on the surface until it dissipates as an arc. The molecules that evaporate during the arc are deposited onto the substrate.

3. Pulsed DC Sputtering

Pulsed DC power is used in magnetron sputtering processes that are prone to arcing. A negative bias is applied, with a reverse bias to remove charge accumulation between pulses. Pulsed sputtering minimizes arcing during a reactive process, reducing the chance of unwanted film properties and inferior performance.


High power impulse magnetron sputtering, better known as HIPIMS, is a technique that uses short, intense pulses of DC power to form a highly dense plasma near the target to boost the sputtering rate. The pulses are delivered with a low duty cycle to minimize excess heat and maintain a manageable average operating power.

5. Facing Target Sputtering

Facing target sputtering, or low-damage sputtering, uses two magnetron sources placed opposite to one another at right angles to the substrate. It is intended to minimize the risk of damage to a soft or organic substrate. This configuration is designed to confine plasma between the sources in order to reduce electron density which reaches the substrate.

6. Radio Frequency Magnetron Sputtering

Certain materials with high DC impedance cannot be sputtered using DC power. For these applications, it is possible to deliver power using radio frequencies and an automatic impedance matching network to maintain a plasma. Radio frequency sputtering is used to deposit materials like oxides, nitrides, and ceramics.


Hints That You Need To Let Go Of Your Old PC/Laptop

We’ve all experienced or known somebody who has finally replaced or upgraded their old and irritating PC/laptop with a more slightly advanced and brand new one, only to discover after a month or two later that there is a strikingly better one that got discounted. We all agree on this part, that no one likes to make a major buy and then get stuck with a not so old model for last year. Also, the bill from your credit card is pretty harder to swallow when regardless you’re paying for it that is not even marked down any longer. So when do you determine the perfect time to obtain a new or upgrade your PC/Laptop?

Here are hints that you need to let go of your old PC/Laptop.

  • It’s running slower

Slowness can be hard to characterize, however, you’ll know it when you see it: Your PC/Laptop is taking too long to boot up, it comes to a standstill when you have twelve tabs open in your program, and you can type a full sentence before a solitary word shows up on screen.

If this happened then you should perform all the things below:

  1. Know How Much Free Storage Is Left
  2. Delete All Junk Files
  3. Defrag Your Hard Drive
  4. Check for Malware
  5. Clean the PC/Laptop
  6. Seek help for a professional technician to fix it

Yet if there is no change in the performance of your PC or laptop, it is considered as a sign that your unit needs a replacement.  Here are some more hints.

  • Having low storage

On the off chance that your hard drive is being crushed for space and you open the framework screen on your PC and see that the CPU utilization is routinely hitting at least 80%, at that point it’s an indication that you’re getting to the breaking point of what your equipment can do. You can get yourself more time by including an outside hard. In any case, when in doubt, once you need to begin dealing with this, an update won’t be far away.

  • Length of your pc/laptop service

The longevity of a laptop, for example, is 4 years depending on the use of the owner and the model. Old models have old OS, lack of other features and more. The older the unit is, the more prone for the deterioration of the mechanics. Try to access your laptop or pc then decide if it is the right time.


Why Don’t Air Domes Get Blown Away By the Wind?

Ever wondered why those big, inflatable air domes don’t get carried off by the wind? They certainly look like they should — after all, they’re made of fabric and full of hot air. One would expect a structure with the shape and squishy-ness of a giant marshmallow to be vulnerable to the whims of Mother Nature. But most of the time, air domes manage to stay in place even through the nastiest of wind storms.

Turns out there’s more to an air dome than a puff of air, according to a dome-maker called the Farley Group (visit to see their work).

How Air Domes Stay Grounded

It’s no small feat to keep an air dome down, especially the bigger sports domes that are hundreds of feet long by several stories tall. The upward force of the air inside is massive. So what keeps it grounded?

A concrete grade beam that runs the circumference of the dome provides a solid foundation on which the dome sits. Think of it like the foundation of a house, but for a dome. There’s also an aluminum profile, which bridges the gap between the fabric and the grade beam and acts as an anchor.

The dome material is securely fastened to the grade beam, which is inserted into the foundation before the concrete cures and is thus totally anchored down to the ground. It’s only after this connection is made that the dome operators will pump it full of air and raise the roof to its full height.

In short, the dome-building process can be summarized as such:

  1. Pour the concrete foundation.
  2. Insert the aluminum profile into the foundation.
  3. Spread the fabric out over the foundation and fasten it to the grade beam.
  4. Inspect the circumference of the dome to make sure everything’s secure.
  5. Inflate!

If all goes well, the foundation will do its job and keep the dome out of Mother Nature’s windy grasp.

And if disaster strikes and the dome does become airborne…well, at least it’s only the fabric that flies away. The concrete foundation isn’t going anywhere. In that way, air domes are actually the place to be in the event of a natural disasters. There’s no fear of the walls toppling over or the roof caving in over your head.

In any case, now you know why air domes don’t get blown away by the wind! Pretty neat, eh?


Educational Accredidation Uncovered

Accreditation, in the United States, is a mix of personal companies and government entities working together to make sure that a college or university provides an educational experience that meets particular standards.

There are 2 kinds of accrediting companies in the United States; nationwide and regional. Usually speaking, the regional firms have more prestige. There are 6 significant regional accrediting companies, that, between them, supply accreditation for the whole country. These companies generally manage not just college-level accreditation, but accreditation for all educational institutions, from primary school to senior high school.

National accreditation agencies generally deal with for-profit organizations that offer career, employment, or technical programs. These schools may provide degrees or certifications. However, numerous of the schools that are regionally recognized will decline credits that are accrued at an across the country accredited school. The reasons for this are beyond the scope of this short article, however, one factor typically given is that the level of educational quality is not as high at an across the country accredited school.

I find that very interesting…

While personal firearms are accountable for the accreditation procedure, the United States Department of Education has a mandate to print a list of all accrediting firms that are identified by the Secretary of Education to be trusted authorities on collegiate educational quality. Baffled? You aren’t alone.

No, Really?

Lawfully, anybody can begin a company that declares to be an accrediting agency. Any educational company can provide degrees. Unless it is a real college that has been effectively approved, the student will get a substandard education, if any. Degree mills (which provide degrees from nonexistent colleges) and diploma mills (which offer nonexistent degrees from genuine colleges) are utilized by less-than-conscientious task hunters to purchase qualifications wishing to enhance their resume and get a better-paying job.

The list of accrediting agencies released by the Department of Education assists to provide a standard by which schools can be evaluated. Students which go to schools that are approved by companies on that list are eligible to receive federal financial help. Probabilities are that it is not accredited if a school is not eligible to receive federal financial help.

In order to end up being recognized, a school needs to meet specific academic standards that are developed by the body with which they seek accreditation. When those standards are met, a self-evaluation is carried out by the institution, so that it can see how it determines up against similar academic programs. Ultimately, the accrediting agency will send out an examination group to carry out an on-site examination. If the institution does satisfy the standards set by the accrediting agency, the agency grants either accreditation or preaccreditation status to the school. The agency then provides the school in a main publication. After that, the school keeps track of by the agency and re-evaluated on event, to ensure that it remains to fulfill the standards of education that the agency has actually developed.

All academic organizations need to recognize themselves with the Commission due to the fact that this program equally benefits all social events concerned. The public will certainly know if a certain school meets high scholastic standards, then more students will register in this institution, be it public or private.

Eventually, the whole scholastic community enhances through healthy scholastic competition between schools. This fact is established through AQIP’s Appraisal Feed Report, in which it ‘offers an Appraisal, Abstract that acts as an executive summary and is released publicly by the Higher Learning Commission. It serves as the Commission’s public disclosure of the organization’s progress in its quality journey. (The Handbook of Accreditation, p. 6.3-3) This condition creates openness between the public and the scholastic organizations, therefore making a community conducive to finding out.

In order to sustain high quality standard aims, it is necessary to have core concepts and values befitting a scholastic organization that provides high standards of knowing. These are; visionary leadership, learning-centered education, organizational and personal knowing, valuing professors, personnel, and partners, dexterity, focus on the future, handling for innovation, management by truth, social duty, focus on results and creating value, and systems point of view. These must exist in every academic organization. Although attaining this state may be challenging, accrediting with the Higher Learning Commission’s AQIP is a step towards obtaining this objective.

The whole process is complex, to state the least. Nevertheless, it is needed to guarantee that degree-seekers are effectively prepared for their future careers.


Real Education In Switzerland

Considering that your children were born, you have probably discovered about the education system of the country where you reside in, and certainly by the time your children begin school you will have collected a big body of expertise. Then all of a sudden you have to relocate to the USA and it feels like you are back to the start once again. Right here, are we discuss about the system and structure of education in the USA, how it is enacted laws and moneyed, the differences in between schools and what to search for when you check out a school. It will inform you what you have to know to start exploring the educational options for your youngster or children and put you on the course to discovering the school the best matches your family’s values and your child or children’s educational requirements.

A Schools in India is an organization developed for the teaching of students under the direction of educators. Many nations have systems of formal education, which is frequently obligatory. In these systems, students advance with a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by nation, however, normally include primary school for kids and secondary school for teens who have completed main education.

The CBSE is a Board of Education for public and private schools, under the Government of India. The Government of India officially known as the Union Government, as well as known as the Central Government. It is the most popular school board in India with over 9000 CBSE affiliated schools in the nation and presence in 21 nations across the world. The tension in this board is on application of Science and Math’s relevant topics.

The Details: Education In Switzerland

The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is an evaluation conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (ISCE), a private, non-governmental board of school education in India, for class 10. The exam allows secure suitable reps of Governments liable for schools (which are connected to it) in their States/Territories. Personal prospects are not allowed to stand for this evaluation.

Can you believe this!

Education in the USA is governed and funded on the Federal and the State level. This causes variations in the curriculum and the quality of schooling from one state to another, and from area to area within the state. In selecting where to live, it is necessary to understand what kind and sort of educational provision is funded and provided in that certain area. Exactly what follows is an overview of Federal and State control.

Education In Switzerland; There’s Even More……

The control of public education is diversified and quite complex as funding comes from the nationwide, state, and local school district. The majority of school funding originates from local real estate tax so there are significant inequalities in the requirement of education from one area to another. While mandates may be enforced at the Federal level they should be moneyed by the local school district.

Depending upon the state you are in, education is mandatory for children in the USA age 5 or 6 to age 16 or 18. There is no standardized national curriculum in the USA, with educational content determined by the state, which makes USA education distinct from many other countries. However, there are numerous alternatives available to moms and dads in figuring out the educational path their children will certainly follow, including public, personal, parochial, boarding and home schooling.

If well discuss the universities in Morocco and the quality of education these educational institutions are providing is rather satisfying, however still there is a need to improve the education requirement as far as the higher studies are concerned. There are numerous universities and colleges for college, however these need a lot of enhancement. Numerous of the vital characters of Morocco have studied from several colleges and educational institutes in the country. Close to that there are numerous other foreign organizations providing quality education of worldwide standard, which are considered the finest in the whole nation.

All Children who reside within a school district’s limits are entitled to attend school in that district at no charge as long as they can offer proof or residency. The district has to offer comparable public schooling within the very same district if area in one particular school is constructed. Public schools likewise must offer services for students with handicaps and for those who are not skilled in the English Language.


Learning A Language – Our Update

Some language students find out a foreign language quickly, while others need to struggle to understand even simply the essence, let alone the nuances of the foreign language. Although learning a foreign language is not supposed to be easy, learning a language ought to be tough but urging at the very same time.

Today, the research study of another language is typically a requirement both in secondary school and at colleges or universities. However, students put on t typically learn a foreign efficiently, and in some cases, them learning a language are simply taken for provided.

What About….

Experts believe that many students who have problem in learning a foreign language or those who have experienced problem in reading and spelling in their native language throughout their early life in school.

Students that have difficulties in language systems, whether in writing, reading, speaking, or listening, may experience problems learning a foreign language in school. Language problems can differ significantly from moderate to extreme, and students who experience the most problems in all the language systems might be identified by the school as having language learning handicaps or dyslexia.

Students with learning impairments need to determine which foreign language would be their finest option or which language they will be comfortable learning and practicing. It is very important as well that administrators and language educators must make use of different tools and methods in teaching students, to make the class discussion intriguing and persuading. Efficient language teaching methods involve utilizing innovation, media, or auditory and visual aids; these are helpful in order to improve the memory, hearing, seeing, and understanding of students.

Another challenge for students is to find the appropriate learning environment. This is since some students require additional time to learn a foreign language, at a slower rate and unique attention. Thus, it is needed that students should be offered a real chance, and they ought to be away from diversions in order for them to absorb all the vital concepts of a foreign language.

It is by listening that foreign languages are best to be discovered. By listening you might discover the appropriate and right pronunciation of the foreign language you wish to learn as your second language. Other language needs additional abilities and patience to learn it, however, since of Audio eBooks you might quickly discover it.

Fortunate for you, we have the answer! Ignore throwing away lots of money on glasses! Don’t even bother squandering hours of your time on web sites that eventually don’t pay off. Our specialists will supply the very best of its information. You’ll find some of the best products offered for learning a foreign language. If you’re going to make the effort to find out a brand-new language, you need to enjoy it not anxiety over tests and money. Each one of the items you will find on this page has actually been specifically made to make learning a foreign language not only easy, but fun and inexpensive as well.

Find out ways to talk any language you want in no time at all! Discover to see exactly how thousands of others have mastered foreign languages in record time without spending tons of money on courses or guide products. Our fantastic item teaches you ways to successfully discover a new language with little cost.

Learning a foreign language doesn t just need some audio or visual approaches, but it requires a lot of extensive practice to be able to improve their capability to talk, write, listen and understand the culture of a foreign language. Languages are not always simple to discover, it needs a long procedure. Thus, whatever reasons a student has for taking up a foreign language course, they should be motivated to study earlier in their school years instead of later in their the adult years.


Academic Degree – Some Background

Simply deciding that you want to further your education and opt for a Master’s degree is not nearly enough these days. There are endless full-time course programs and part-time course programs to select from, then you have to pick in between academic and professional degrees. If you aren’t really sure exactly what you want to be when you grow up, it might take you a while to find out exactly what you want to perform in this next leg of your academic journey.

It is important for the students to familiarize the degrees that they can get in the course of education. There are a number of associate degree programs.

Just Academic Degree

A.A. degree, in other words ‘Associate of Arts’ degree, is created to move to a four-year college or university.

However, there are differing opinions about academic degree

The designation of the A.S. degree, ‘Associate of Science’ degree, is the transfer to a 4 year college or college.

Let’s Continue This Analysis

The other academic degree that numerous students what to obtain is Occupational Degree. This kind of the degree is likewise referred to as ‘applied’ degree programs. The occupational degree program at a two-year college has the designation of the students’ preparation to enter the occupational forces competition and starting carrying out the task functions instantly after the completion of the studying program and getting this kind of a degree. Among the primary purposes of this academic program is the preparation of the professionals to the career. By the method, some instructional courses and/or programs present the possibility to transfer to four year colleges.

A professional master’s degree is made to prepare you for one career field. It is not made for a huge thesis paper that requires months and months of research. It isn’t really just for intellectuals who wish to spend years of their life become experts at some field of study. This sort of master’s degree is developed to provide you crucial abilities, resources and knowledge needed to succeed in a selected career field.

This sort of master’s degree will not prepare you for one certain career field. Rather, it can establish you as a specialist in a given location and that in turn may open a variety of career options. Numerous individuals will take this type of degree program and end up working as a well paid specialist while going for their doctoral degree.

Which of these master’s degree programs you choose will depend on your goal. You are probably lining up for the professional master’s degree program if you just desire to impress your manager and qualify for a higher wage. An academic degree program is most likely more appropriate to your interests if you really want to fully immerse yourself into a particular location of study or carry out official clinical research.

Whatever you select, make sure you choose properly between part-time course programs and full time course programs. This will make a huge difference in exactly what you get out of the program.


Education In The United States Plan

There comes a point in every moms and dad’s life when he or she has to choose whether or not it is proper to start sending his/her child or children to school. In the United States, it has been left up to specific states to figure out compulsory education laws; the age a youngster is required to start school can vary from 5-8 years old, with the majority of states mandating children to begin their very first year of school by the age of 6. Early childhood education in the form of preschool and kindergarten is not yet federally supplied for children as compulsory education, even more and more states are supplying preschool Walnut and kindergarten as an state-funded option.

Education during the early years of American history was generally done with personal channels: a lot of schools needed payment of tuition, and many families opted to offer education for their youngsters within the household. After the American Revolution, an emphasis was put on education; a couple of years after the Civil War ended, all states had free elementary schools offered for kids to go to. However, it wasn’t up until about a century earlier, in 1918, that compulsory education laws were ratified on the federal level. At that time, compulsory education, used only to youngsters of elementary school age and used established on the idea that schooling was to be provided by the public sector.

Let’s Go Further

When it pertains to the education Hillsborough Township has about 6 primary schools, one intermediate schools, one intermediate schools and one high school. To learn more info about Hillsborough Township public school you can visit this site.

But wait!

Early childhood education is not yet needed of all American youngsters; preschool is not compulsory in any state and kindergarten is obligatory only is 14 states. Despite the fact that preschool and kindergarten are not compulsory, an enhancing variety of states are requiring their districts to offer some level of kindergarten programs, with virtually many states providing some level of preschool or day care.

According to statistics released by the Education Commission of the States, roughly 98 % of all kids in the United States goes into the very first grade after have actually attended some form of kindergarten Diamond Bar beforehand. This need for early childhood education is most likely catalyzed by the multitude of research studies that keep revealing the short-term and long-lasting cognitive and social developmental advantages of youngsters who have actually had some form of early childhood education over children who have not had direct exposure to either preschool or kindergarten prior to going to first grade.

The National Center for Education Statistics has actually found that throughout the course of the kindergarten school-year, children make measurable improvements not only in their reading, writing, and mathematics abilities (revealed through higher test scores), but also in their social skills and emotional maturation. Other research studies have demonstrated that long-term advantages of early childhood education exist; study on the government-funded Child-Parent Centers in Chicago has offered data supporting a connection in between the not going to preschool and arrest rates: Chicagoan youth who did not attend preschool were 70 % most likely to be jailed for a violent crime by the age of 18.